Texas Holdem StarthГ¤nde
Players from later position will be playing more weak poker hands and much wider ranges, so you have to remember it. However, knowing the position is not enough.
You need to determine are you up against a passive or aggressive player as well. If your opponent raises first in RFI , you can easily put him on a range using previously mentioned Texas Holdem poker cheats sheets , based on his position.
However, you should not forget to remove some of the unlikely poker hands from his range, based on a different action. If you open UTG and everyone folds to Big Blind who decides to 3-bet, you will not see many weak hands in his range.
Therefore, if he chooses to 3-bet he will be doing it with the top part of his range. You must learn how to reduce the likelihood of your opponent holding one hand or another after he makes an action on the flop.
Obviously, to get more accurate you have to put a decent amount of practice on and off the table. Probably the best way to learn this is to study theoretically right approach to any given situation so that you would know what hands your opponent should be betting or checking and make your decision based on that.
After you study strategy and learn when your opponents should be betting or checking, you will be able to easily remove unlikely poker hands from his range based on his action.
Bet sizing can give you a lot of additional information, so you should take notice of your opponent tendencies. For example, recreational players will rarely bet small for value and most of the time will go for a big bet, so you can easily exploit that.
Obviously, that is just a general rule and it will vary a lot based on your opponent. Thus, in order to make the best adjustments, you should observe other players to see how they play different poker hands on different boards.
Try to remember what action they take after seeing a showdown, even the one where you are not involved. You can easily use that info later on because players rarely change their tendencies.
Therefore, you have to notice those tendencies whether you are playing live or online. If you are playing live, you have to observe other players and whole table dynamics to get as much information as possible and that is probably the only way to be aware of different opponents at your poker table.
However, that changes a lot when you are playing online because you can get a ton of information from different poker stats and adjust your strategies versus different players.
Therefore, you should be looking to get help from many programs available today. If you not sure where to start, then get a free trial from either Holdem Manager or Poker Tracker.
When you know the approximate range of your opponent, you can make decisions that are more educated postflop and choose your action based on the board texture.
Let us take a quick example. Just like on the flop, you can easily make educated guesses of your opponents range based on his action on later streets and community card that came.
Most players will have tendencies that are easy to guess and play most of their poker hands without adjusting to the situation.
Meaning, if they are checking the second pair without a kicker on the turn one time, they are likely to be doing that almost always in similar situations.
Therefore, after seeing it once, you will be able to remove these hands from his range when he makes a bet in a similar spot later on.
This can be applied in many situations, and you do not need to see how every opponent plays poker hands that he is dealt, because you can judge a lot from population tendencies and many players will be doing the same thing over and over again.
Obviously, you need to learn what is the right strategy in most common situations as well to see how other players are deviating from that and it will become a very big weapon.
You will notice when other players will start making mistakes and can easily exploit that. These are the most important things to take into consideration when analyzing Texas Holdem poker hands, and if you will be able to put your opponent on an accurate range, the half job is done already.
Just remember:. Make decisions and play based on these facts and against his whole range. Not just one hand you think he could have.
If you want to see some poker hand analysis in practice, you can take a look at my poker hand of the week series where I cover many interesting spots or even peek inside Upswing poker lab review for more advanced stuff.
And now, let us go to the example and see how all of that looks in practice. And for the sake of easier visualization, I made BB defending range with Poker Equilab , so that you would not have to consider mixed strategies with various hands, which is not important at the moment.
Dark blue — poker hands that should be in 3betting range for the most part, but many players choose to call it. Learning what ranges you should be playing is quite easy, and actually, there are quite a few options for that.
You can either grab my Texas Holdem preflop charts or get a free trial of PokerSnowie and make charts for yourself. Firstly, you should be aware which boards are better for preflop raiser and which ones for the caller.
This way, you will be able to know how often each of the players is going to bet and I highly recommend spending some time to learn this.
As you see, this board clearly favors the BTN range. Taking that into consideration, it is clear that BTN should be c-betting very aggressively.
This is how Pio solver thinks BTN should be playing in this situation. Obviously, an optimal strategy always involves a lot of mixed play with the same poker hands, meaning that some of the time you have to bet and some of the time you have to check same holdings.
Thus, it is quite hard to remember and implement in practice. Flop c-betting range: Sets, two pairs, most top pairs, 2 nd pairs, 3 rd pairs, low pocket pairs, open-enders, all gut-shots, runner-runner flush draws.
Big blind should be defending when facing c-bet: any pair or better excluding low pocket pairs , open-enders and gut-shots.
This is how you should be playing the vast majority of your Texas Holdem poker hands and learning how theoretically sound strategy looks is a must to reach long term success.
You can easily make adjustments based on your opponent tendencies when you know how optimal range looks. However, if you do not have such info, sticking to an optimal strategy that is suggested by these tools is the best way to go.
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